In 2 research studies, the team of psychologists led by Prof. Ulrich Stangier is exploring just how the corona pandemic influences psychological health. In the case of the so-called “cave syndrome”, it is asked whether individuals continue to avoid social interaction even after the phase in which social distancing must stop the virus from spreading further, while when it comes to “Long COVID”, the results of a corona infection on the experience and wellness of a recovering person are being investigated. Mental disorder or adjustment to circumstances? The term “cave syndrome” rather vividly defines just how individuals prefer to retreat to their exclusive cave as opposed to to seek social closeness. The disorder shows up regularly in media records concerning possible late impacts of corona. It is never undisputed whether this is really a pathological phenomenon, as Prof. Ulrich Stangier, Professor of psychology at Goethe University and responsible for the research study, emphasizes. “In a narrower feeling, disorder describes a psychiatric medical picture that is defined by a particular pattern of signs and can be identified from various other disorders. Whether other symptoms can be detected beyond the worries and restraints that justify an independent illness entity would certainly initially need to be empirically evaluated in epidemiological researches.” However, there is much to recommend that the psychopathological category is even more of a “illness mongering”, describes Stangier. This is comprehended to indicate the unjustified pathologization of a mental experience pattern, potentially also the targeted attempt by the pharmaceutical sector to open up a brand-new sales market for drugs by artificially producing medical diagnoses.
Return to the common normality is impractical
The Frankfurt psychologists see a “motivational dilemma” that the pandemic is creating: on the one hand, a well-founded anxiety of infection and social distancing, on the other hand, a requirement for contact and sociability. When asked why a particular “uncertainty” occurred in some individuals also after the end of contact restrictions, psycho therapists see a feasible factor for the truth that the interest and enjoyment in social get in touches with was lowered due to the long-lasting social constraints. Here we are talking about the supposed “social anhedonia”. An alternate description would certainly be that by concentrating on the individual wellness, the understanding of connection with other people and social identity fade right into the history.
Nonetheless, social assumptions and motivations did not transform at the very same rate as the political and public analyses of the pandemic hazard. “However, a go back to ‘normal’, care free social spontaneity will certainly require a transitional period for most individuals. Due to the genuine or approaching social repercussions of the pandemic, the lasting change in social communication because of the massive wave of digitization, as well as the ups and downs of the pandemic risk situation, a return to the usual normality seems unrealistic anyway,” explains Ulrich Stangier. The infection numbers, which are currently increasing dramatically once again, make an end to the corona pandemic a lengthy method off anyhow.
Long COVID: Mental shortages are additionally among the lasting repercussions
An additional research by the Institute of Psychology take care of the consequences of the corona pandemic, which are caused by a corona infection. “It turned out that also in people who had just a moderate course of the corona condition, a variety of mental symptoms occurred that can be attributed to the initial infection: these include, for example, forgetfulness, absence of focus, stress and anxiety, anxiety and trauma (PTSD),” describes Schahryar Kananian. The Long COVID study is planned to inspect whether there is a causal relationship in between the illness and the lasting repercussions. So far, according to Kananian, there is still no validated instrument to diagnose Lengthy COVID. In concept, postviral symptoms are likewise typically located in other diseases, such as a serious flu. However, previous findings recommended that the percentage of late impacts after COVID-19 infections was rather high. It must currently be distinguished whether the psychological late effects are straight or indirect. “If a young adult is suddenly exhausted promptly when climbing the staircases, this can cause depressive signs and symptoms, which then rather indirectly result from the infection,” clarifies Kananian.