In order to secure on your own and others from infection with the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, but additionally from other respiratory system infections, the adhering to behavioral steps serve: Inoculation against COVID-19 is specifically important for defense versus serious COVID-19 condition progression. To secure against other breathing infections such as influenza and pneumococcus, the further recommendations of the Standing Vaccination Commission (STIKO) should additionally be observed. In times with numerous respiratory infections, using a mask inside your home can be valuable, particularly if there are many people there and no range can be maintained. Furthermore, routine shock ventilation is usually helpful indoors. If there are symptoms of an intense breathing infection, sufferers need to remain at home for three to 5 days ideally or up until a significant improvement, limitation personal calls and wear a mask if possible in inevitable experiences with other people. Observe the rules of health when coughing and sneezing. Correct hand cleaning generally decreases the danger of infection.
Why is wearing masks valuable in some situations?
Coronaviruses, yet likewise various other microorganisms of breathing infections such as flu viruses, are spread out by droplets or aerosols (tiny droplets drifting in the air). Infected people spray droplets and aerosols with the virus, for instance, when breathing, speaking or vocal singing. Additionally, when coughing and sneezing, they are released. The infections can thus be spread out by infected individuals also before the first signs of ailment appear. The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) points out that a properly used medical mask can supply additional security versus infections inside during durations when infections spread out highly.
This applies, for example, throughout influenza or COVID-19 waves. Specifically, individuals with a raised threat of infection need to consider this opportunity for self-protection. Wearing a mask reduces the risk of infection most effectively if as many people as possible are using a mask, however especially if there are signs and symptoms of a breathing infection. Even if masks are used, broadcasting should be done regularly. The medical masks consist of the clinical mouth and nose defense (surgical mask) in addition to FFP2 masks (or KN95 or N95 masks). Additional info on putting on masks to avoid infections can be discovered at the Robert Koch Institute (RKI).
How can particularly susceptible people protect themselves?
For individuals with a raised danger of a serious course of COVID-19, inoculation, including booster vaccination(s), is particularly important (see likewise “Which people are specifically commonly affected by a serious course of the condition?”). Especially in times when viruses spread extensively, a correctly put on medical mask inside your home is an additional security versus infections. This uses, for example, during flu or COVID-19 waves. Specifically individuals with a boosted danger of infection must consider this possibility for self-protection. Individuals with risk factors such as damaged lung function and the elderly should look for clinical recommendations on putting on an FFP2 mask.
In justified private instances, STIKO recommends medication avoidance (avoidance) to shield versus COVID-19 with monoclonal antibodies in addition to vaccination personallies with a specifically high threat of severe training courses due to an anticipated or verified serious restriction of the immune action to the COVID-19 vaccination. For signs of illness that could indicate COVID-19 (see additionally examine “Which signs of illness are triggered by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2?” and the subject web page “Symptoms and course of the illness”), you ought to stay at home and, if required, seek clinical recommendations (likewise by phone). If it is not possible to avoid contact with other individuals, wearing a mask can help to lower infections. In an emergency, as an example in instance of intense lack of breath, it is best to call the emergency situation number 112. Please also keep in mind the guidelines on what to do if an infection is thought. Additional info for older and constantly sick people can be found on the topic web page “What older and constantly ill people should focus on”.